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Evaluation of Sida’s support to the African Organisation of English-Speaking Supreme Audit Institutions (AFROSAI-E)
Sida has been supporting the African Organisation of English-Speaking Supreme Audit Institutions (AFROSAI-E) and its predecessor, the Southern African Development Community Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions (SADCOSAI). Over 30 years of support, often as the sole or biggest donor, Sida’s support has increased the capacity of the AFROSAI-E Secretariat and enabled the organisation to make excellent progress towards its expected outcomes. Although coordination between Sida and Embassies has been sub-optimal, SADCOSAI/AFROSAI-E have collaborated with a broad range of organisations and coherence between AFROSAI-E and others has been exceptional. Difficulties in attributing impact to AFROSAI-E or Sida’s support aside, there is evidence that the support is contributing to increased transparency and accountability in the use of public funds. Significant sustainability of benefits can be expected, but international standards change frequently and AFROSAI-E’s support will need to continue if Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs) in the region are to adapt to changes.
This Technical Note (TN) is part of a series of thematic TNs that aims to support Sida staff and partners to apply the human rights-based approach (HRBA). The TN begins with short introductions to the HRBA and its application in situations of armed conflict. It then introduces International Humanitarian Law (IHL) as a relevant legal framework and briefly explains the classification of armed conflict as it relates to IHL. The TN goes on to highlight the complementarity between International Human Rights Law (IHRL) and IHL. Finally, it provides a short description of protection activities as key in reinforcing people’s human rights in times of armed conflict.
This Technical Note (TN) is part of a series of thematic TNs that aim to support Sida staff and partners to apply the human rights-based approach (HRBA). The TN begins with a short introduction to the HRBA and Sida’s PLANET tool. It then explains how human rights norms and standards underpin the thematic area. The TN goes on to demonstrate how PLANET can guide staff in planning, assessing and monitoring of a contribution through a series of guiding questions and examples. Finally, it provides a simple model for empowerment and capacity development analysis and a list of additional resources to explore.
The sustainability of our oceans is under severe threat from pollution and eutrophication, unsustainable fishing practices, and effects from climate change such as ocean warming and acidification. More than 3 billion people rely on the ocean for their livelihoods, and over 80 per cent of world merchandise trade is carried out by sea. The ocean contributes to poverty eradication, sustained economic growth and food security and climate regulation. Sweden promotes strengthened efforts for protection and restoration, sustainable management and use of marine, coastal and freshwater ecosystems, biodiversity, natural resources and ecosystem services and also cleaner water and oceans, reduced emissions of pollutants and reduced littering. Sida is targeting the most vulnerable coastal communities while ensuring the ocean economy is developed sustainably for the benefit of people and nature. Sida’s financial support to a sustainable ocean economy was SEK 719 million in 2021. This accounts for approximately 2.8 percent of Sida’s total disbursements, steadily increasing over the last five years.
What does Sida’s analytical framework for Multi-Dimensional Poverty Analysis (MDPA) have in common with the Market Systems Development (MSD) approach? What are the differences? How can the two be combined? This brief tries to answer these questions.
Water is essential for the survival and productivity of all life and ecosystems and the growing threat of water stresses has far reaching consequences for poor and vulnerable communities. Access to safe drinking water and sanitation is crucial, not only for people’s health and wellbeing, but also for poverty reduction and economic development. Sweden promotes efficient, fair and sustainable water use and management as well as improved access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. Sida’s financial support to the water and sanitation sector was approximately SEK 751 million in 2021. This accounts for approximately 2.8 percent of Sida’s total disbursements, a decrease by 37 percent over the last five years.
Armed conflict constitutes one of the main obstacles to sustainable development. More than three quarters of the world’s poorest people live in contexts affected by conflict and fragility. Sida’s total disbursement to the sector Conflict Prevention, Peace and Security in 2021 was SEK 1.25 billion, which represents 4.7 percent of the total budget.
Employment is the main source of income for the working poor and their main route out of poverty. Jobs and income generating activities need to be productive, to generate incomes above the poverty level, and of quality to protect the rights, dignity and safe working conditions of the employed. To create more productive and decent employment for the working poor, including people in the informal economy and other vulnerable groups, is a fundamental requirement for inclusive economic development and poverty reduction and therefore a priority for Swedish development cooperation.
Social protection is a human right and an effective tool for poverty reduction. It is essential for reaching people living in extreme poverty and vulnerability, for increasing resilience to shocks and breaking the cycle of poverty.1 It is also an enabler that facilitates the realisation of other human rights such as health, education, livelihoods, employment and gender.2 Sida’s support to social protection amounted to approximately SEK 800 million during 2021, which is approximately 3 percent of Sida’s development cooperation. Support for social protection almost doubled between 2018 and 2021. The increase was strongest in 2020, but the trend has continued also in 2021, which verifies the expanded recognition of social protection in international development cooperation and increased priority in Sida’s global and bilateral work.
Sustainable management of the Earth’s resources is a prerequisite for reduced poverty and sustainable societies – for current and future generations. Sida contributed with more than SEK 10 billion to initiatives targeting environment as a main objective or a significant objective in 2021.1 This included efforts for improved environmental sustainability, increased resilience to climate change and disaster risk reduction.
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