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Sida's work in Colombia

Despite a historic peace agreement in 2016, the war in Colombia continues to cause great human suffering and is a serious obstacle to sustainable development. Violence and attacks against human rights and environmental defenders are widespread. Sida's work in Colombia focuses on peacebuilding, increased respect for human rights, democracy, gender equality and the environment and climate. Sida also provides extensive humanitarian support.

Progress has been made

Historic peace agreement brings hope

In 2016, a peace agreement was signed between the Colombian government and the guerrilla group FARC-EP. The agreement is groundbreaking, addressing women’s rights more than any previous peace agreement and measures to tackle the root causes of the conflict. Implementing the agreement is an important step towards achieving peace in Colombia.

Institutions for transitional justice

Despite opposition from conservative forces, the implementation of the peace agreement is moving forward, with external support. Colombia has built state institutions for transitional justice and both the Truth Commission report and the first war tribunal verdict are expected in 2022.

Challenges remain

War continues despite peace deal

Armed groups have grown stronger and armed conflict is increasing in several parts of the country.1 Murders, threats and other attacks on human rights defenders, journalists and other community activists are common and many perpetrators go unpunished.2

Poverty and inequality are on the rise

The Covid-19 pandemic has caused the number of people living below the national poverty line to rise from 36 % to more than 42 %.3 Women and vulnerable and marginalised groups, such as indigenous peoples and Afro-Colombians, are particularly hard hit.

Growing humanitarian needs

The growing armed conflict and refugee flows from Venezuela are increasing humanitarian needs both within the country and in the region.4

Two types of aid in Colombia

In Colombia, Sida provides both long-term development cooperation to contribute to peace and sustainable development in the country, and humanitarian aid to save lives and alleviate distress in emergency situations.

Updated: October 3, 2022