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Sida's work in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, Sida works to strengthen respect for human rights, democracy, the rule of law and gender equality. Sida contributes to strengthening the conditions for better living conditions and a better environment. The situation in Ethiopia has worsened in recent years. The country has been hit by several crises simultaneously: the Coronavirus pandemic, conflicts and climate crises. Sida also provides extensive humanitarian aid to Ethiopia.

Progress has been made

Mitigating the effects of climate change

Ethiopia is investing in renewable energy and sustainable production and consumption, making agriculture more climate-friendly, managing land more sustainably and replanting forests. The amount of forest has increased as people have become better at conserving natural resources.

Increasing gender equality and reforms

The situation of women has improved. They have greater access to education, and participate more fully in the economy and in decision-making. Mothers and children are healthier. Ethiopia has reformed its judicial sector to make it more independent and in line with international guidelines.

Civil society continues to fight

In 2018—2019, Ethiopia implemented comprehensive reforms. This led to more democratic elections and a more independent media. The right of civil society to exert influence was also strengthened. Since 2020, democracy has weakened and respect for human rights has deteriorated. Although it has become more difficult for civil society to operate, civil society continues to be heard and is increasingly involved in human rights. During the 2021 elections, civil society conducted extensive election monitoring.

Challenges remain

48 %

of the population is estimated to live below the international poverty line. The gap between urban and rural areas is widening.1 There is a severe shortage of food due to severe drought and conflict. The war in Ukraine has led to soaring prices for wheat and fertiliser, further exacerbating the crisis.

War and conflict affect the population

The number of conflicts has increased, leading to increased vulnerability and violence, not least gender-based violence. The number of internally displaced persons has increased dramatically, as have humanitarian needs.

Slowing economy

With one of the fastest growing economies in the world over the past 15 years, Ethiopia’s growth is now the lowest since 2004.2 High inflation has pushed up the cost of living, hitting people living in poverty particularly hard.

Two types of aid in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, Sida implements development cooperation to contribute to long-term development of the country. We also provide humanitarian assistance to save lives and alleviate suffering in emergency situations.

Updated: December 19, 2022