Sida's work in Chad
Armed conflict, climate change and widespread poverty are affecting the people of Chad. Sida's emergency humanitarian work in Chad focuses on saving lives, protecting the population and increasing access to food.
The humanitarian situation in Chad
Chad is a country marked by chronic poverty, with a large percentage of the population living in poverty and an average life expectancy of 54 years.1 One in three people rely on humanitarian aid; women and children are most in need.2
Chad is one of the fastest growing countries in the world in terms of population growth3 and corruption is widespread.4 There is a shortage of hospitals, wells and schools throughout the country. There are serious violations of human rights, as well as breaches of humanitarian law.
Chad is one of several countries around Lake Chad to suffer from armed attacks, security incidents and kidnappings. The other countries are Niger, Cameroon and Nigeria. Three out of four people in the Lake Chad region have been forced to leave their homes. There are more than 500,000 refugees from Sudan, the Central African Republic, Nigeria and Cameroon in Chad.
The crisis around Lake Chad shows no signs of abating.
After the sudden death of Chad’s president in April 2021, his son Mahamat Déby took over as part of a military-led transitional government. Presidential elections are scheduled to be held in the autumn of 2022.
The Lake Chad region is extremely vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters, with temperatures rising faster in parts of Chad than anywhere else in the world. Rainfall is erratic and unpredictable. In 2021, 250,000 people were affected by floods in Chad and many lost their homes. The lake and river basins are also affected by environmental degradation and water shortages during dry periods.
How Sida supports Chad
In 2022, Sida’s focus will be on life-saving interventions and protection for the most vulnerable people in the conflict zone, in the most remote areas.
Combating gender-based violence
Women and girls are at high risk of gender-based violence due to the conflict and the COVID-19 pandemic. The International Rescue Committee (IRC) provides protection and support to women in the economic and health sectors, with a particular focus on sexual and reproductive health and rights.
Oxfam works to reduce the vulnerability of access to food, water, sanitation and shelter for IDPs and their host communities in the Lake Chad region.
Supporting women and children
2.7 million children in Chad are in need of humanitarian assistance in 2022. Sida supports the UN Children’s Fund’s (UNICEF) Humanitarian Action for Children, which focuses on humanitarian assistance to women and children in crisis-affected areas. Food, education, water, sanitation and hygiene, protection from violence and prevention of land degradation are part of the work.
Humanitarian Action for Children in Chad on the UNICEF website
Airborne emergency assistance to remote areas
Many people live in areas that are inaccessible to humanitarian organisations due to a lack of security and poor infrastructure. The United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) flies humanitarian personnel to remote areas around the country. The operation is funded through the UN Food Programme, WFP.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) works to assist refugees, from the Central African Republic, Sudan, Cameroon and Nigeria, as well as internally displaced persons and returnees.
Sida’s crisis analysis and scope of support
In 2021, humanitarian aid amounted to more than SEK 93 million. Sida’s humanitarian aid to Chad is based on an annual crisis analysis.
Sources on this page
- Life expectancy in Chad on Macrotrends
- The humanitarian situation in Chad on Reliefweb
- Percentage of people in Chad in need of humanitarian assistance in 2021 on Reliefweb
- Population increase in Chad in the World Population Review
- The level of corruption in Chad on Transparency International’s website
Updated: October 7, 2022