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Totalt antal träffar: 132
Well-functioning ecosystems and a stable climate is the foundation for life on earth. Sustainable management of the earth’s resources is a prerequisite for reduced poverty and sustainable societies – for current and future generations. Sida contributed with approximately SEK 12 billion to initiatives targeting environment and climate change, fully or partly, in 2020. The support contributes to improved environmental sustainability, increased resilience to climate change and disaster risk reduction.
Access to reliable energy services is an important part of human development and a prerequisite for a healthy and prosperous life. Energy services provides lighting, improves services at health facilities, creates new jobs and facilitates education, investments and innovations. Sida supports increased access to renewable energy and improved energy efficiency for people living in poverty. The financial support to the energy sector was approximately SEK 870 million in 2020 equivalent to 3 percent of total disbursements.
Employment is the main source of income for the working poor and their main route out of poverty. Jobs and income generating activities need to be productive, to generate incomes above the poverty level, and of quality to protect the rights, dignity and safe working conditions of the employed. To create more productive and decent employment for the working poor, including people in the informal economy and people in displacement, is a fundamental requirement for inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction and therefore a priority for Swedish development cooperation.
International migration and forced displacement continue to increase due to conflict, disasters and economic crisis. Migration patterns and vulnerabilities are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Sida supports the positive development effects of migration and safeguards the human rights of migrants and displaced persons. Migration is mainly integrated into other strategy goals. Specific migration support amounts to 1 percent of Sida’s total disbursement 2020 (SEK 192 million).
Armed conflict constitutes one of the main obstacles to sustainable development. Violent conflict causes human suffering and hinders pathways out of poverty. According to OECD, more than three quarters of the world’s poorest lived in contexts affected by conflict and fragility before the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Sida’s total disbursement to Conflict Prevention, Peace and Security in 2020 was just over a billion Swedish kronor. In 2020 the Women, Peace and Security UN Security Council Resolution 1325 celebrated 20 years, marking both successes and continued challenges.
Social protection is a human right as well as an effective tool for poverty reduction. It is essential for reaching people living in extreme poverty and vulnerability, for increasing resilience to shocks and breaking the cycle of poverty from continuing across generations.1 It is also an enabler that facilitates achieving other human rights.2 Sida’s support to social protection amounted to approximately SEK 700 million during 2020, approximately 3 percent of Sida’s development cooperation. This corresponds to an increase of almost 100 percent since 2016, which emphasizes the increasing recognition of social protection in international development cooperation.
Gender equality is a human right, a prerequisite and driver for poverty reduction and sustainable development. Gender equality is achieved when women and men, girls and boys, have equal rights, life prospects and opportunities and power to shape their own lives and contribute to society. Sida recognise that not all people are binary and works for human rights for all. As one of the main thematic priorities for Swedish development cooperation, a gender equality perspective shall permeate all of Sida’s work.
Education plays a fundamental role in human, social and economic development. Investments in good quality education, especially in the education of girls, are of fundamental importance for poverty reduction and sustainable development. Education is also key to building a democratic society, inclusive economic development and promoting gender equality. Sida’s support to education amounted to SEK 1.1 billion in 2020, corresponding to 4 percent out of Sida’s total support.
Poverty and hunger are closely linked. It is estimated that more than 690 million people still suffer from hunger in the world, a number that continues to increase1. Of those, an estimated 155 million people suffer from acute hunger (crisis or worse).2 Sustainable Development Goals 1 and 2 of Agenda 2030 contain the objectives to eradicate hunger and poverty. This is also a priority for Swedish development cooperation. The total disbursement to Food Security and Agriculture was just below SEK 1.3 billion in 2020. Many aspects of Agriculture and Food Security are supported under other areas, thus the sector is significantly larger in real terms and engagement.
Water is essential for the survival and productivity of all life and ecosystems and the growing threat of water stresses has far reaching consequences for poor and vulnerable communities. Access to safe drinking water and sanitation is crucial, not only for people’s health and wellbeing, but also for poverty reduction and economic development. Sweden promotes efficient, fair and sustainable water use and management as well as improved access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. Sida’s financial support to the water and sanitation sector was approximately SEK 818 million in 2020. This accounts for approximately 3 percent of Sida’s total disbursements, a decrease by 22 percent compared to the average for 2016/2017.