This analysis of global multidimensional poverty has been prepared by Sida during autumn 2020 to support the in-depth reviews of global thematic strategies. After an extended period of declining global multidimensional poverty, the trend is reversing, reinforced by the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The decline in resource poverty was already slowing before the pandemic, the consequences of which have combined with conflict and climate change to cause an increase in extreme poverty on a global scale for the first time in a generation. Worldwide, three out of four people living in extreme poverty live in fragile, often conflict-affected countries. A large proportion of them live in rural areas, are young and have low levels of education. More women than men live in extreme income poverty. Africa is the continent on which the largest percentage of the population live in extreme income poverty. While the educational levels among adults has risen, average life expectancy has increased and people are living longer, healthier lives, at the same time, the percentage of people living in food insecurity has increased. The number of armed conflicts is at a historic high and developments in human security are mostly going in the wrong direction. Between 2015 and 2018, for example, the percentage of people living in extreme poverty in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) doubled as a consequence of the wars in Syria and Yemen. Until recently, there was a positive trend in opportunities and choice.
Publicerad på webbplatsen: 2021-09-27