The evaluation concluded that investments in district heating and energy efficiency investments led to more environmentally and energy efficient services, but considering the scale of war destructions, it is likely that these have to some extent been damaged by the war and underlying reforms are still incomplete. Institutional support and core grants to small, regionally based civil society organisations working in environmental fields has been promising. Public sector cooperation, beyond the municipal energy projects, was limited and hampered by inadequate capacity and low priority to environment. EU association did not so far provide political momentum to the level expected and did not create strong incentives improving environmental performance – however with the war this is changing. Donor coordination did not work well in environment compared to other sectors such as energy. The evaluation recommends that Sweden’s future support should be guided by the National Recovery Plan and its update. Sweden can play a constructive role through balancing its support to investment, capacity and policy during post war reconstruction and the emergence of the new economy. In response to Ukrainian request, Sweden will need to prioritise and take difficult decisions on phasing out of relatively successful areas such as district heating and engaging with the challenging area of waste management. A number of suggestions for how to manage these transitions are given.
Publicerad på webbplatsen: 2023-05-08
Publikationstyp: Utvärdering – Sida Decentralised Evaluation
Författare: Eric Buhl-Nielsen, Iryna Bezverkha, Ivan Naletilić, Oksana Davis, Stephanie R Oksen