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In 2021, United Nations (UN) organisations together received SEK 9.3 billion from Sida, a third of Sida’s overall development cooperation budget. Sida’s cooperation with the UN organisations has increased significantly over the past decade. The UN organisations are important partners in Sida’s support for development as well as in the agency’s humanitarian assistance. The main partners to Sida within the UN are UNDP, UNICEF, WFP, UNFPA, UN Women, UNOCHA, FAO and UNHCR.
In 2021, Sida disbursed SEK 1.55 billion to the World Bank Group (WBG). Sida’s financial support is directed through several trust funds at global, regional and country level, with specific thematic or geographical focus.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2020. The aim of the organisation is to help governments of its member states design and implement better policies so that people may enjoy better lives. The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) is a forum to discuss issues on development cooperation and poverty reduction in developing countries. Sweden has been a member of the OECD since the organisation was founded in 1961. Like all members, Sweden has a permanent delegation to the OECD HQ in Paris. Sida supports the OECD and DAC through programme funding and by providing expertise in various working groups and networks.
The EU Member States and the EU institutions contribute to more than half of the world’s development assistance and are collectively the largest provider of Official Development Assistance (ODA) funds in the world. Under the EU’s budgetary framework 2021–2027, the EU Commission will allocate a total aid budget of approximately EUR 79.5 billion in current prices to thematic and geographical programmes. In addition, the EU Commission provides EUR 14.2 billion for the same period to the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) to support reforms in the enlargement region, and, approximately EUR 2 billion in humanitarian aid decided on an annual basis. Efforts are made to help partner countries respond to development challenges, including the COVID-19 pandemic and its socio-economic effects, under a Team Europe approach.
Well-functioning ecosystems and a stable climate is the foundation for life on earth. Sustainable management of the earth’s resources is a prerequisite for reduced poverty and sustainable societies – for current and future generations. Sida contributed with approximately SEK 12 billion to initiatives targeting environment and climate change, fully or partly, in 2020. The support contributes to improved environmental sustainability, increased resilience to climate change and disaster risk reduction.
Employment is the main source of income for the working poor and their main route out of poverty. Jobs and income generating activities need to be productive, to generate incomes above the poverty level, and of quality to protect the rights, dignity and safe working conditions of the employed. To create more productive and decent employment for the working poor, including people in the informal economy and people in displacement, is a fundamental requirement for inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction and therefore a priority for Swedish development cooperation.
Access to reliable energy services is an important part of human development and a prerequisite for a healthy and prosperous life. Energy services provides lighting, improves services at health facilities, creates new jobs and facilitates education, investments and innovations. Sida supports increased access to renewable energy and improved energy efficiency for people living in poverty. The financial support to the energy sector was approximately SEK 870 million in 2020 equivalent to 3 percent of total disbursements.
International migration and forced displacement continue to increase due to conflict, disasters and economic crisis. Migration patterns and vulnerabilities are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Sida supports the positive development effects of migration and safeguards the human rights of migrants and displaced persons. Migration is mainly integrated into other strategy goals. Specific migration support amounts to 1 percent of Sida’s total disbursement 2020 (SEK 192 million).
Armed conflict constitutes one of the main obstacles to sustainable development. Violent conflict causes human suffering and hinders pathways out of poverty. According to OECD, more than three quarters of the world’s poorest lived in contexts affected by conflict and fragility before the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Sida’s total disbursement to Conflict Prevention, Peace and Security in 2020 was just over a billion Swedish kronor. In 2020 the Women, Peace and Security UN Security Council Resolution 1325 celebrated 20 years, marking both successes and continued challenges.
Social protection is a human right as well as an effective tool for poverty reduction. It is essential for reaching people living in extreme poverty and vulnerability, for increasing resilience to shocks and breaking the cycle of poverty from continuing across generations.1 It is also an enabler that facilitates achieving other human rights.2 Sida’s support to social protection amounted to approximately SEK 700 million during 2020, approximately 3 percent of Sida’s development cooperation. This corresponds to an increase of almost 100 percent since 2016, which emphasizes the increasing recognition of social protection in international development cooperation.
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