Transboundary Water Cooperation in the Mekong
Water and Sanitation Brief
For generations, the Mekong River Basin has served as a life-sustaining force, supporting the livelihoods and food security of more than 60 million people in the region. The river’s rich mosaic of ecosystems supports the world’s largest inland fisheries and exceptional riverine biodiversity that is only surpassed by the Amazon River. The abundant natural resources of the Mekong River have provided important revenue streams and contributed to the economic development of the region. However, if these resources are managed in an unsustainable way it can lead to significant losses in natural capital. Sida supports its partners in the region to address transboundary challenges in the river basin and to find solutions that can best materialise through regional cooperation.