Urban Development and Environment in India 2003-2007

India has the second largest urban population in the world. Today, around 280 million Indians live in urban areas, and there are currently 35 cities compared to 23 in 1991 in the country with a population of above one million. Along with this mushrooming of cities, the urban environment is facing increasing pressure from industrial and vehicle pollution, the disposal of solid and hazardous waste, and not the least, the inability of municipalities to provide basic services such as safe water and sanitation.

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