English class going on in the Syrian refugee camp Faida 3 in the Bekaa Valley in Lebanon. As a consequence of the protracted conflict in Syria millions of children are now growing up knowing nothing but violence and war. Sida supports UNICEF's work for children in the region.
Photo: Alessio Romenzi, © UNICEF
Sida has developed information with guidance for its staff on the application of the Human Rights Based Approach in relation to children's rights. Below you will find summarised information and useful links. Briefs have not been developed in this area.
Children and the Human Rights Based Approach at Sida
Since human rights are children's rights, all HRBA information also applies to development cooperation that directly or indirectly affects children. This includes Sida's use of the abbreviation P.L.A.N.E.T. as a way of organising and remembering what to consider when applying a HRBA to development cooperation. There are also human rights that have been formulated and developed specifically in relation to children. Those need to be taken into account.
Examples of what to consider when applying a HRBA to development cooperation contributions that affects children:
- Participation: Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, which covers children 0-18 years of age) sets out the right of children to be listened to and considered in all decision-making that affect them.
- Links to human rights: Children's rights are contained in legal instruments at the national, regional and international levels – such as the CRC and African Charter on the rights and welfare of the child.
- Accountability: When a state ratifies the CRC and other relevant regional treaties, it takes on the responsibility to integrate children's rights into its laws and systems. This includes taking the best interest of the child and children's right to survival and development into account in all decisions concerning children.
- Non-discrimination: According to Article 2 of the CRC, states are obliged to realise children's rights without discrimination of any kind.
- Empowerment: In the realm of children's rights, empowerment is about strengthening the capacity of children, their care takers, and people working with and for children to claim children's rights. It is also about strengthening the capacity of those responsible to implement children's rights.
- Transparency: Transparency in relation to children's rights entails making information available to children in an accessible way, appropriate to their age and through channels that reach them.