Pangani Falls Re-development Project
Roger Andersson , Fritz Wänseth , Melinda Cuellar , Ulrike von Mitzlaff
ORGUT Consulting AB, Sweden in collaboration with WSP International, Sweden has been commissioned by Sida and TANESCO to carry out the Post-evaluation, 10 years after its completion in year 1995. The evaluation integrates technical and operational performance of the plant as well as crucial aspects of environmental concerns, water resource management, social and economic assessments which will shed light on PFRP's and the Pangani River Basin's contribution to sustainable development. The issues surrounding PFRP are the same issues that surround water management in general, and how water-related decisions are made, as well as how development effectiveness is assessed. The problems relate to what the Pangani dam will do to river flow and to rights of access to water and river resources; to whether it will uproot existing settlements, disrupt the culture and sources of livelihood of local communities, or deplete or degrade environmental resources; and to whether it is the best economic investment of public funds and resources. The debate is partly what occurred in the past and continues to occur today, and partly, about what may unfold in the future. One of the greatest challenges is rethinking the management of freshwater resources. The imperative to supply growing populations and economies with water when groundwater is depleted, water quality is declining, and there are increasingly severe limits to surface water extraction has brought sustainable water resources management to the top of the agenda in Tanzania. These pressures on water contain a wide range of threats, but they also generate the momentum for new opportunities and policy changes. The World Commission on Dams (WCD) conclusion about dams (as in the case of Pangani Falls Dam and the Pangani River Basin), are grounded in a basic understanding about the relationships between water, dams and development.