Livelihood Conflicts: Linking poverty and environment as causes of conflict
Today, violent conflicts are much more common within states than between them, and the risk of conflicts is considered greatest when the supplies of renewable resources such as soil, forests and water begin to diminish. The road to conflict begins when already vulnerable people have even less opportunities to support themselves. Therefore, policy attempts to break the vicious path to conflict need to address both poverty and environmental issues. Leif Ohlsson, researcher at the Department of Peace and Development Research, Gothenburg University, summarises the insights of today about the mechanisms that link loss of livelihoods, environmental degradation and resource scarcities to conflict.