Towards Gender Equality in Tanzania

Progress towards gender equality and empowerment of Tanzania's women is taking place in a national context that has changed dramatically since 1995 and that offers new opportunities for initiatives to transform unequal gender relations. Specific national commitments towards gender equality were made at the 1995 Fourth Global Conference on Women in Beijing. The first democratic multi-party elections took place, and there is an increasingly vibrant civil society with NGOs addressing many specific gender equality issues. Reform of government institutions provides opportunity to address gender issues in the civil service and local government; and there is new and proposed legislation on sexual offences and land. At the same time Tanzania has experienced a widening of the income gap between rich and poor, increasing urbanisation, declining formal employment opportunities and deteriorating provision of health, education and water, all of which have significant gender implications.