Vietnam is greatly affected by the ongoing climate change. Through counselling, the local communities have gained knowledge about climate changes and alternative methods of income.
Photo: Ta Minh Duc
Learning to live with climate change
“We cannot just do things the way we did – we need to be more preventive. We will have to be aware more of the risk in term of ecologies. If we treat nature well, we will bene t from it,” says Nguyen Thu Hue, founder and Executive Director of the Centre for Marinelife Conservation and Community Development (MCD).
She underscores that Vietnam is located in a region that is heavily affected by ongoing climate change.
Over the past 15 years, sea levels have risen nearly 13 centimetres, affecting rice production in coastal provinces. As much as 30 percent of Vietnam’s cultivable land has been impacted by soil salinisation and flooding.
Coral, sh and shrimp are becoming diseased. For sherman and sh farmer Le Van Thanh, the changes are tangible. He has worked with sh farming and aquaculture in the municipality of Phu Long in Northern Vietnam since 1990.
“The summers have become warmer and the winters longer. Storms have become more commonplace, ooding water systems and dikes that protect against sea levels,” he explains.
Until 2000, Le Van Thanh had about 100 kilogrammes of naturally occurring shrimp per hectare of water. Today, there are about 30 kilogrammes.
This is where MCD and Stockholm University come in. Nguyen Thu Hue describes the organisation as a link between the local population, decision makers, opinion makers and researchers.
“We are as the connector, the catalyst. We let people discuss, let people innovate and nd solutions themselves,” she says.
Michael Tedengren, associate professor in systems ecology at Stockholm University explains that the partnership with MCD has reached a point where they need to progress from “knowing to doing”.
“We have gathered information on water quality, conditions of life and stresses on the environment. Now we can consider solutions, such as changes in how aquaculture is conducted, and these solutions are taken into account when establishing marine national parks and resources for sheries and shing,” he says.
Advice from researchers includes cultivating more species of sh and shrimp. Le Van Thanh joined the project when it began in 2011 and tested new forms of aquaculture together with six other families.
At rst Thanh and his colleagues in the working group were sceptical, but after a year their aquaculture showed good results.
The Swedish researchers contribute important knowledge for the local communities, but the learning process works in two directions:
“We are learning a lot from working with people in Vietnam. We are continuously acquiring new knowledge,” says Michael Tedengren.
MCD is also eager to make use of the knowledge and experience of the local population and its participation is also important if the changes are to be lasting.
With Sida now phasing out its support, there are several concepts for continued partnership, including extending the efforts in the region to include Myanmar and Cambodia.
Scienti c efforts are also continuing and the project has generated some ten masters theses. Five researchers from the two countries are also using materials from the project in their PhD theses.
Partners: Center for Marinelife Conservation and Community Development (MCD) and the Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences at Stockholm University.