Our work in Indonesia
Bilateral cooperation was phased out in 2013
December 2013 was the last month for funding activities and there are no plans to develop a new country-specific strategy. On behalf of Sweden, there is a strong desire to continue deepening and broadening the close relations between Sweden and Indonesia.
Partner Driven Cooperation in focus
The objective of Partner Driven Cooperation, which was the main aid modality between 2009-2013, was self-supporting relations between Swedish and Indonesian actors that would benefit people who live in poverty. Sida’s criteria for support were that there should be a mutual interest in collaboration and joint ownership. The sustainability of the relations was expected to increase over time, while the funding from development cooperation would decrease.
The cooperation between the different actors has focused on:
- Improved democratic governance and respect for human rights.
- Sustainable development related to environmental and climate change issues.
- Economic growth that benefits the poor.
Sweden's development cooperation with Indonesia has also involved a few other areas where the two countries have a mutual interest.
Democratic governance and human rights
Indonesia is a relatively young democracy and the judicial system is not well developed. This leads to local sentencing and methods being used to investigate crimes and handle suspects, which may result in violations of basic human rights.
In the field of human rights, the Raoul Wallenberg Institute at Lund University has collaborated with the Indonesian Ministry of Justice. The aim was to improve the treatment of prisoners at a number of jails in Indonesia and develop Indonesia's National Human Rights Action Plan. The programme also included a certain support to the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs and their bilateral dialogue with Indonesia regarding human rights.
Freedom of press is a cornerstone of a functional democracy. Sida consequently supported a journalistic collaboration between Swedish Radio and Radio Republik Indonesia.
Environment and Climate
From 1999, Sweden had an extensive cooperation with the Indonesian Ministry of Transport, through the LFV Aviation Consulting AB. The cooperation was about expanding the flight network in eastern Indonesia and upgrading regulations for safety and environment. This project resulted in the establishment of an institutional platform for a wider cooperation within the areas of transport and environment. The project has created an interest in establishing a graduate program in "green flights", and paved the way for private sector actors to get business opportunities through the organisation Business Sweden.
The Swedish-Indonesian SymbioCity collaboration started off between the cities of Borås and Yogyakarta in central Java and soon developed into a Waste Refinery Network. The cooperation up til 2013 involved policy work, applied research, green technology, municipal cooperation and university exchanges. Several other Indonesian cities have shown interest in starting a similar partnership with Borås. Sweden and Indonesia have signed a high level political agreement to continue expanding cooperation on environmentally sustainable cities.
Another collaboration which received support from Sida was in the forestry sector, with a focus on how natural resources can be used sustainably for economic growth. A platform for dialogue on forestry cooperation has been developed, focusing on innovation and entrepreneurship. The actor groups included representatives from both governmental and private sector and academia. The following areas have been identified for collaboration: designing a training in relevant areas for the forest sector, capacity building in forest management and creating opportunities for sustainable forest management with a focus on restoration.
Sweden has also provided financial support to the Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF). This is a nationally managed fund that aims to efficiently integrate and coordinate climate change initiatives in the Government's national planning and budget planning.
Interesting results have also been achieved through the Swedish funded project Lombok Ecoregion. A successful lobbying towards the Ministry of Tourism has increased their interest, resulting in plans to establish a broad ecoregion in southeastern Indonesia. The hope is that it may lead to the development of a green economic zone in which Swedish law and environmental policy could be a model.
Great opportunities to launch green environmental technology is another result. This is a very positive development where Partner Driven Cooperation has paved the way for broader collaboration, in this case with the private sector.
Sida has also financed an ITP course (International Training Programme) in Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in Indonesia 2009-2010. The course focused on integrated water resources management and the ability of the Indonesian participants to manage resources in a sustainable manner. This collaboration was extended in 2013 as Sida financed a "training for trainers " course in Indonesia, with the purpose to both strengthen and increase the results and impact of the IWRM course, as well as to lay the foundation for a manual on IWRM and capacity building in Indonesia.
Trade and business
Stockholm Chamber of Commerce and later on the Chamber Trade Sweden received support from Sida to connect Swedish importers with Indonesian textile exporters. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) work and dialogue was an important part of this collaboration. Several Indonesian companies and trade organisations collaborated with Chamber Trade Sweden. The main focus of the programme was the development of small and medium enterprises.