Midwives at Nyong Primary Health Care Centre in Eastern Equatoria attend to a pregnant mother at an antenatal visit. The Health Pooled Fund is working with partners to strengthen supervision and on the job training for health workers across South Sudan.
Photo: Andreea Campeanu/Health Pooled Fund
Our work in South Sudan
South Sudan, the newest state in the world, is struggling to build up a functioning social structure and resolve the outstanding issues from the peace agreement with Sudan in 2005. At the same time, the country is struggling to meet their enormous development challenges. South Sudan has some of the lowest development index values, including maternal and child mortality as well as reading and writing. This is partly due to the lack of basic institutions, which cause a severe shortage of health clinics and schools.
Sweden works mainly through UN agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) operating in South Sudan. We provide long-term development cooperation for a peaceful state-building in the country. Sweden also provides significant humanitarian assistance, which will most likely be needed over the next years to meet the enormous and urgent needs that exist after the 20-year civil war. The humanitarian assistance is a priority at the moment.
Improving health systems
Sweden, in close cooperation with the British Department for International Development (Dfid), provides comprehensive support through a health fund, HPF, to help strengthen the South Sudanese health systems. With a large geographic focus and a long-term objective, the fund aims to build a national health system. Another health intervention goes through the UN organisation UNFPA, to provide the necessary equipment to the country's maternity and health clinics.
Returning refugees and displaced
Since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, South Sudan has received a large number of returning refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), wanting to return to their places of origin. This places an additional burden on the receiving communities, which often have very scarce resources for their survival. There is a fear that continuing conflicts and deteriorating humanitarian conditions in South Sudan will force more people to flee. The Swedish support to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) intends to help returning and internal refugees reintegrate into society, in order to reduce local tensions and contribute to the recovery of the country.
Support for women
One of Sweden's long-term contributions includes support for the Sudanese women's movements. Sweden has, in collaboration with UN Women, helped strengthening the capacity of NGOs, women academics, politicians and state managers. Sweden has encouraged an important dialogue work on equality, and has been the largest donor in South Sudan in this important area.
In the aftermath of war
As a result of the prolonged civil war, there are many land mines and other explosive remnants remaining in large parts of the country. Sweden supports the Danish Demining Group (DDG) to secure peace and contribute to a safe environment for the reconstruction of the country.
There are several on-going initiatives to strengthen the transition between humanitarian and development efforts in South Sudan. Two mutual funds, the Basic Service Fund and South Sudan Recovery Fund have been established to support both short-term community service and long-term peacebuilding efforts.
The objective of Sweden's development cooperation with South Sudan is to contribute to a peaceful development, respect for human rights, democratic governance, durable reconciliation and national unity.
We focus our work on two areas:
• peacebuilding and democratization
• substantial peace progress