Thanks to the water, we can support our families, says Margarita Losse Dzogo. The village where she lives is part of the Sida-funded Pungwe programme, which focuses on improving the management of water from the river Pungwe.
Our work in Mozambique
Long lasting and good relations between Sweden and Mozambique has provided a foundation for the continued long-term cooperation. The Swedish government has instructed Sida to develop a result-based suggestion for continued cooperation during the coming seven-year period.
Democracy and human rights
Democracy in Mozambique is still under development. Since independence, there have been improvements in the democratic system and the respect for human rights in most areas, but the trend is not straightforward. The improvements include a relatively free press and a gradual development in many social areas such as the right to education, health and water. A malfunctioning legal sector, police brutality and discrimination against women and other marginalized groups are remaining challenges that we work with, including support to national organisations working on gender equality and human rights.
Through the budget support, we will strengthen the country's administrative system and increase the public transparency of government finances. These reforms are a crucial initiative in the fight against widespread corruption. Extensive support is provided to civil society, through an integrated programme to nearly 50 local organisations. Strong and independent organisations have an important role to play in monitoring the implementation of the country's strategy for poverty reduction, and by influencing the development towards democracy. For example, support is given to the Center for Public Integrity that works to examine the use of state resources, and to the Human Rights League, providing legal aid to women victims of domestic violence.
Just as in its neighbouring countries, agriculture is the main industry in Mozambique with more than 70 per cent of the working population employed in the sector. The country is rich in fertile land and has a great potential for development. More efficient methods are required to further develop agriculture, and a long-term strategy for sustainable agriculture was developed under the initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture in 2011. The strategy is guiding the future development of the agricultural sector, together with the investment plan that was adopted in 2013, developed together with civil society organisations, the private sector and donors.
We are working for farmers to get legal rights to land and natural resources, by supporting CLUF Community Land Use Fund. One of the components is to support villages in surveying and demarcating the land belonging to them and apply for certification of the land. The support is now being complemented by a support to the national land survey authority. Sweden is also partly funding, through the EU, a project to enhance local economic development in districts and municipalities in the provinces of Gaza, Inhambane and Sofala. The aim is for small businesses in the agricultural sector to enhance their access to markets and to develop the value chain from raw material to finished products. Furthermore, Sida in collaboration with USAID, has provided a guarantee to an investment bank in order to increase credit access for small and medium enterprises in the agricultural and tourism sector.
Energy supply in Mozambique is important for promoting economic development. Despite considerable hydropower resources, access to electricity is low, especially in rural areas. The lack of energy supply is hindering the transition from self-subsistence to a market economy as well as the development of competitive industries. The lack of electricity in rural areas also means limited access to and poor quality of health care and education.
Investments in the expansion of electricity supply are a central part of the country's poverty policy. Sweden has contributed to the expansion of the national grid, resulting in 23 per cent of the population having direct access to electricity from the national grid today (2013), compared to 8 per cent in 2005. Our support to the reconstruction and upgrade of two older hydroelectric plants helps to ensure – and increase – the country’s own production of electricity, which can meet the rapidly increasing demand for energy. The increasing economic activities in rural areas put an increasing strain on rural roads. In order to maintain a positive economic development, there are demands for the rural road network to be passable all year round. We therefore support the Mozambican National Roads Administration in their work with repair and maintenance of the road network, as well as road safety promotion.
Research and higher education
As part of the efforts to build and strengthen national research capacity in Mozambique, Sweden has been supporting the development of the country's largest university - the Eduardo Mondlane University, for more than three decades. Sida works to increase the capacity among its cooperation partners to better plan, implement and use research for development and economic growth. Every country has its unique circumstances and conditions, which makes it important for all countries to generate and maintain expertise and knowledge. The intention is that Mozambique will eventually be able to conduct its own research of international quality in areas that are important to the country's development.
The Eduardo Mondlane University offers graduate education in 16 different fields as well as PhD studies, in collaboration with some 15 Swedish and South African universities. Sweden has as the only partner in the long-term research collaboration with Mozambique, played a unique role in building analysis and research capacity in the country. As part of the research collaboration, Sweden also focuses (since 2012) on support to the development and implementation of master's courses, with the purpose to promote the integration of research in high growth sectors such as oil- and gas industry. The support can significantly help increasing the number of graduates in the country and contribute to strengthening the capacity of the country’s professional society. At the same time, research contributes to a better understanding of issues relevant to the development of Mozambique.